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#1 2022-11-02 23:00:20

dcolburn
Member
Registered: 2022-11-02
Posts: 34  

[SOLVED] Devuan Raid 1 Install Steps

I read this thread a couple of times, hoping to extract a clear pathway to what I need, but it's just too case-specific ...

https://dev1galaxy.org/viewtopic.php?id=4795

I have a Dell OptiPlex 7050 SFF with two 400GB server-rated SSD's.

I'd like to set them up as Raid 1 to use in a light duty online server application.

I looked here https://www.devuan.org/os/documentation … all-devuan and don't see a Raid 1 Server install process.

I read about mdadm here ... https://linoxide.com/raid-mirror-disks-in-linux/

Thanks

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#2 2022-11-02 23:31:42

ralph.ronnquist
Administrator
From: Clifton Hill, Victoria, AUS
Registered: 2016-11-30
Posts: 781  

Re: [SOLVED] Devuan Raid 1 Install Steps

It all happens in the partitioning step:

  1. first you declare partitions for use in raid setup

  2. then you set up the raid device linking it to its partitions

  3. and then you partition that into the filesystem partitions you want

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#3 2022-11-02 23:40:42

ralph.ronnquist
Administrator
From: Clifton Hill, Victoria, AUS
Registered: 2016-11-30
Posts: 781  

Re: [SOLVED] Devuan Raid 1 Install Steps

If you want the full disks as raid members, then you skip to step 2 directly, and create a RAID device...

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#4 2022-11-03 00:01:15

dcolburn
Member
Registered: 2022-11-02
Posts: 34  

Re: [SOLVED] Devuan Raid 1 Install Steps

Any idea why the Download link isn't working, please?

I'm getting a "You've gone where no one has gone before" error.

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#5 2022-11-03 00:31:52

ralph.ronnquist
Administrator
From: Clifton Hill, Victoria, AUS
Registered: 2016-11-30
Posts: 781  

Re: [SOLVED] Devuan Raid 1 Install Steps

which link?

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#6 2022-11-03 00:51:51

dcolburn
Member
Registered: 2022-11-02
Posts: 34  

Re: [SOLVED] Devuan Raid 1 Install Steps

https://www.devuan.org/get-devuan/

I can send you a screen shot ...

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#7 2022-11-03 00:59:25

ralph.ronnquist
Administrator
From: Clifton Hill, Victoria, AUS
Registered: 2016-11-30
Posts: 781  

Re: [SOLVED] Devuan Raid 1 Install Steps

I don't really need screenshot;
that link, https://www.devuan.org/get-devuan seems fine to me;
are you saying that that link doesn't work for you, or
that there is a link on that page that doesn't work for you?
If the latter, which link?

EDIT: hmm you have a / at the end of it, and having that seems to not bring the right page.

EDIT2: where did you find that  bogus one, with a / at the very end?

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#8 2022-11-03 01:14:29

dcolburn
Member
Registered: 2022-11-02
Posts: 34  

Re: [SOLVED] Devuan Raid 1 Install Steps

I added the "/" because without it the Download link doesn't work at all - it just twitches the display then returns to the same page.

I'm using the Ghostery Dawn (Firefox shell, I believe) browser.

There's no indication of a pop-up block or anything.

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#9 2022-11-03 01:16:32

ralph.ronnquist
Administrator
From: Clifton Hill, Victoria, AUS
Registered: 2016-11-30
Posts: 781  

Re: [SOLVED] Devuan Raid 1 Install Steps

maybe you can teach your browser something by adding  .html to the end instead of /

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#10 2022-11-03 01:19:24

dcolburn
Member
Registered: 2022-11-02
Posts: 34  

Re: [SOLVED] Devuan Raid 1 Install Steps

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#11 2022-11-03 01:31:48

ralph.ronnquist
Administrator
From: Clifton Hill, Victoria, AUS
Registered: 2016-11-30
Posts: 781  

Re: [SOLVED] Devuan Raid 1 Install Steps

Well, https://www.devuan.org/get-devuan.html is the correct one which also references the actual html file; the abbreviation link (without .html) also works, but via server re-writes.

Obviously they don't work for you, which is slightly more difficult to debug. It'd be either your browser wanting to be helpful and intelligent, or something "environmental" relating to your Internet access.

Perhaps you can install "surf" and try with that?

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#12 2022-11-03 01:43:58

dcolburn
Member
Registered: 2022-11-02
Posts: 34  

Re: [SOLVED] Devuan Raid 1 Install Steps

OK, well, rather than fight with the button ... the other synapse fired and I realized that I could just go directly to the mirrors ... duh.

I'll burn "devuan_chimaera_4.0.2_amd64_desktop-live.iso" to a USB stick, make sure Devuan can see the Dell OptiPlex 7050 hardware (VOID could not) - then proceed to the install.

I'll probably be back here ... tomorrow ... with more questions.

Thanks for your patience!

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#13 2022-11-03 02:28:33

dcolburn
Member
Registered: 2022-11-02
Posts: 34  

Re: [SOLVED] Devuan Raid 1 Install Steps

Well ... Devuan is having the same problem as VOID - the wired connection cycles up and down.

I don't see an app in the menu to look at the hardware devices, so I just used "lspci".

I'm told that the probable reason for the instability is that the Intel I219-LM isn't recognized.

Any suggested solution, please? (I'm guessing I need a stable wired connection for the server-purposed install.)

Devuan also failed to recognize the USB nic (MX Linux handles it, VOID did not).

Need to sleep so will look here in the morning.

NOTE: I started a new thread for the LAN problem and the Intel I219-LM.

Last edited by dcolburn (2022-11-06 17:29:15)

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#14 2022-11-03 17:19:48

chris2be8
Member
Registered: 2018-08-11
Posts: 168  

Re: [SOLVED] Devuan Raid 1 Install Steps

Doing a few tests I found the certificate seems to be expired. Which Konqueror doesn't mind but wget objects to:

$ wget 'https://www.devuan.org/get-devuan/' --no-check-certificate
--2022-11-03 17:12:15--  https://www.devuan.org/get-devuan/
Resolving www.devuan.org (www.devuan.org)... 54.36.142.179, 2001:41d0:8:732b::3624:8eb3
Connecting to www.devuan.org (www.devuan.org)|54.36.142.179|:443... connected.
WARNING: The certificate of ‘www.devuan.org’ is not trusted.
WARNING: The certificate of ‘www.devuan.org’ has expired.
HTTP request sent, awaiting response... 404 Not Found
2022-11-03 17:12:17 ERROR 404: Not Found.
$ wget 'https://www.devuan.org/get-devuan' --no-check-certificate
--2022-11-03 17:12:25--  https://www.devuan.org/get-devuan
Resolving www.devuan.org (www.devuan.org)... 54.36.142.179, 2001:41d0:8:732b::3624:8eb3
Connecting to www.devuan.org (www.devuan.org)|54.36.142.179|:443... connected.
WARNING: The certificate of ‘www.devuan.org’ is not trusted.
WARNING: The certificate of ‘www.devuan.org’ has expired.
HTTP request sent, awaiting response... 200 OK
Length: 25326 (25K) [text/html]
Saving to: ‘get-devuan’

get-devuan                              100%[============================================================================>]  24.73K  --.-KB/s    in 0.003s  

2022-11-03 17:12:25 (7.03 MB/s) - ‘get-devuan’ saved [25326/25326]
$ wget 'https://www.devuan.org/get-devuan.html' --no-check-certificate
--2022-11-03 17:13:25--  https://www.devuan.org/get-devuan.html
Resolving www.devuan.org (www.devuan.org)... 54.36.142.179, 2001:41d0:8:732b::3624:8eb3
Connecting to www.devuan.org (www.devuan.org)|54.36.142.179|:443... connected.
WARNING: The certificate of ‘www.devuan.org’ is not trusted.
WARNING: The certificate of ‘www.devuan.org’ has expired.
HTTP request sent, awaiting response... 200 OK
Length: 25326 (25K) [text/html]
Saving to: ‘get-devuan.html’

get-devuan.html                         100%[============================================================================>]  24.73K  --.-KB/s    in 0.003s  

2022-11-03 17:13:25 (7.02 MB/s) - ‘get-devuan.html’ saved [25326/25326]

@dcolburn, what browser are you using? And does it check for expired certificates?

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#15 2022-11-03 19:00:21

dcolburn
Member
Registered: 2022-11-02
Posts: 34  

Re: [SOLVED] Devuan Raid 1 Install Steps

I'm using the Ghostery Dawn browser. In Settings I found this

Certificates
Query OCSP responder servers to confirm the current validity of certificates

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#16 2022-11-03 20:46:41

ralph.ronnquist
Administrator
From: Clifton Hill, Victoria, AUS
Registered: 2016-11-30
Posts: 781  

Re: [SOLVED] Devuan Raid 1 Install Steps

Note that the certificate was Issued On Friday, October 21, 2022 at 10:55:06 AM and it Expires On Thursday, January 19, 2023 at 10:55:05 AM, so something strange is happening here.

Please do the following to download the certificate complained about

echo -n | openssl s_client -connect www.devuan.org:443 -servername www.devuan.org \
    | openssl x509 > /tmp/wwwdevuanorg.cert

and then upload that to pastebin.debian.org for us to review.

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#17 2022-11-03 21:10:31

dcolburn
Member
Registered: 2022-11-02
Posts: 34  

Re: [SOLVED] Devuan Raid 1 Install Steps

depth=2 C = US, O = Internet Security Research Group, CN = ISRG Root X1
verify return:1
depth=1 C = US, O = Let's Encrypt, CN = R3
verify return:1
depth=0 CN = www.devuan.org
verify return:1
DONE

pastebin.debian.org doesn't work either.

Is that URL "http" or "https"?

Last edited by dcolburn (2022-11-03 21:12:39)

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#18 2022-11-03 21:50:58

ralph.ronnquist
Administrator
From: Clifton Hill, Victoria, AUS
Registered: 2016-11-30
Posts: 781  

Re: [SOLVED] Devuan Raid 1 Install Steps

sorry; I wrote it while doing something else, it's of course https://paste.debian.net

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#19 2022-11-03 22:38:37

dcolburn
Member
Registered: 2022-11-02
Posts: 34  

Re: [SOLVED] Devuan Raid 1 Install Steps

Any special settings I should select there?

Does it need to have the same Member name as here - for you to identify it?

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#20 2022-11-03 23:02:00

ralph.ronnquist
Administrator
From: Clifton Hill, Victoria, AUS
Registered: 2016-11-30
Posts: 781  

Re: [SOLVED] Devuan Raid 1 Install Steps

No, nothing special or strange.

You post the link for the paste here, and then anyone can follow it  while it's valid.

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#21 2022-11-03 23:43:11

dcolburn
Member
Registered: 2022-11-02
Posts: 34  

Re: [SOLVED] Devuan Raid 1 Install Steps

OK, cool ... if I've used this before it's been years ...

paste.debian.net/1259462

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#22 2022-11-04 02:10:58

ralph.ronnquist
Administrator
From: Clifton Hill, Victoria, AUS
Registered: 2016-11-30
Posts: 781  

Re: [SOLVED] Devuan Raid 1 Install Steps

right. so pasting that int openssl x509 -text gives me (among other things):

        Serial Number:
            04:63:9c:cc:d4:86:e8:46:e0:95:f9:c7:31:93:fb:36:87:06
...
        Validity
            Not Before: Oct 20 23:55:06 2022 GMT
            Not After : Jan 18 23:55:05 2023 GMT

which looks all fine and dandy.

Is your clock ok?

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#23 2022-11-04 02:15:54

dcolburn
Member
Registered: 2022-11-02
Posts: 34  

Re: [SOLVED] Devuan Raid 1 Install Steps

Clock is correct.

Headed to bed but will check back here in the morning.

Thanks for looking at this.

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#24 2022-11-04 03:21:06

ralph.ronnquist
Administrator
From: Clifton Hill, Victoria, AUS
Registered: 2016-11-30
Posts: 781  

Re: [SOLVED] Devuan Raid 1 Install Steps

Is anyone (still) getting those warnings from

wget --no-check-certificate https://www.devuan.org/get-devuan

WARNING: The certificate of ‘www.devuan.org’ is not trusted.
WARNING: The certificate of ‘www.devuan.org’ has expired.

The certificate was updated 2 weeks ago, and is valid some 8 or so weeks more. So there shouldn't be or have been any warnings.

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#25 2022-11-04 17:12:05

chris2be8
Member
Registered: 2018-08-11
Posts: 168  

Re: [SOLVED] Devuan Raid 1 Install Steps

I'm still getting them. On two different systems (one Devuan ascii, one openSUSE Leap 42.3).

I also tried echo -n | openssl s_client -connect www.devuan.org:443 -servername www.devuan.org     | openssl x509 > wwwdevuanorg.cert, that gets different screen output:

On devuan:

$ echo -n | openssl s_client -connect www.devuan.org:443 -servername www.devuan.org \
>     | openssl x509 > wwwdevuanorg.cert
depth=2 C = US, O = Internet Security Research Group, CN = ISRG Root X1
verify return:1
depth=1 C = US, O = Let's Encrypt, CN = R3
verify return:1
depth=0 CN = www.devuan.org
verify return:1
DONE

On openSUSE:

echo -n | openssl s_client -connect www.devuan.org:443 -servername www.devuan.org     | openssl x509 > wwwdevuanorg.cert
depth=3 O = Digital Signature Trust Co., CN = DST Root CA X3
verify error:num=10:certificate has expired
notAfter=Sep 30 14:01:15 2021 GMT
DONE
chris@vega:~/primo/progs> ll wwwdevuanorg.cert*
-rw-r--r-- 1 chris users 2025 Nov  4 16:57 wwwdevuanorg.cert

Though the certificates downloaded were identical on both systems.

I doubt it's cached, the openSUSE box isn't used for web browsing so has probably never downloaded the certificate before I first tried yesterday.

But on a web server I can log on to via ssh (I do some of the admin on it) wget is happy:

$ wget 'https://www.devuan.org/get-devuan'
--2022-11-04 17:04:43--  https://www.devuan.org/get-devuan
Resolving www.devuan.org (www.devuan.org)... 54.36.142.179, 2001:41d0:8:732b::3624:8eb3
Connecting to www.devuan.org (www.devuan.org)|54.36.142.179|:443... connected.
HTTP request sent, awaiting response... 200 OK
Length: 25326 (25K) [text/html]
Saving to: ‘get-devuan’

get-devuan                              100%[============================================================================>]  24.73K  --.-KB/s    in 0.005s  

2022-11-04 17:04:44 (4.50 MB/s) - ‘get-devuan’ saved [25326/25326]

And:

$ echo -n | openssl s_client -connect www.devuan.org:443 -servername www.devuan.org     | openssl x509 > wwwdevuanorg.cert
depth=2 C = US, O = Internet Security Research Group, CN = ISRG Root X1
verify return:1
depth=1 C = US, O = Let's Encrypt, CN = R3
verify return:1
depth=0 CN = www.devuan.org
verify return:1
DONE

And the cert appears to be the same too.

I'm now wondering if my ISP is caching something. Have you any ideas?

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