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#1 Re: DIY » Installing GNOME on Devuan Ceres » 2017-09-19 12:27:50

Fixing gnome-session exiting on startup

Sorry for the long delay there, but I've found a way to fix gnome-session crashing on startup. First, open a terminal or a root text editor, then paste this script:

gnome-shell &
sleep 0.1
cd /usr/lib/gnome-settings-daemon
for i in *; do
    /usr/lib/gnome-settings-daemon/$i &
[ -x "$(which fbautostart)" ] && fbautostart
while [ 1 ]; do sleep 999d; done

And save it as /usr/local/bin/gnome-session. Change the file's attributes with:

sudo chmod 0755 /usr/local/bin/gnome-session

This will create a sort-of "shim" that will not exit if one of the gnome-settings-daemon applications fail to load.

If you want to autostart applications in your ~/.config/autostart directory, simply run:

sudo apt install fbautostart

And the script will autostart applications when the shell is loaded.

GNOME components fails to load due to XDG_RUNTIME_DIR

If GNOME components fails to load, and it says something like "XDG_RUNTIME_DIR not set in the environment", make an .xprofile file in your home directory if it doesn't exist, and add this:


if [ "x$XDG_RUNTIME_DIR" = "x" ]; then
    export XDG_RUNTIME_DIR=/tmp/${UID}-runtime-dir
    if [ -d "$XDG_RUNTIME_DIR" ]; then
        mkdir -p "$XDG_RUNTIME_DIR"
        chmod 0700 "$XDG_RUNTIME_DIR"

And chmod +x it, logout and log back in.

Script to auto-update gnome-settings-daemon

Sometimes, you're too lazy to get of your fat ass and compile a package and upload it to github. Luckily for you, you've made a script which will update an important GNOME component. This script will pull the gnome-settings-daemon package from the Devuan repository, strip the systemd part out of it, and install it.

TIME="$(date +%s)"
mkdir /tmp/gsd-$TIME
apt download gnome-settings-daemon
NAME="$(find ./gnome-settings-daemon*.deb)"
ar x $NAME
tar xzf control.tar.gz
sed -i "s/libpam-systemd/elogind/g" control
tar c {post,pre}{inst,rm} md5sums control conffiles | gzip -c > control.tar.gz
ar rcs newpackage.deb debian-binary control.tar.gz data.tar.*
sudo apt install ./newpackage.deb
rm -rf /tmp/gsd-$TIME

Save it as or something, chmod +x the file and run it to update/install the daemon.

Happy GNOMEing!

#2 DIY » Installing GNOME on Devuan Ceres » 2017-09-06 14:46:56

Replies: 6

As you all gnow, GNOME, the pinnacle of desktop GUI design, is not available on Devuan. I've packaged elogind and gnome-settings-daemon, allowing you to install the GNOME core packages, minus the display manager.


Step 1: install elogind

Go to the elogind package releases, and get the package according to your architecture. Then, open a terminal, and,

sudo apt install ./elogind_234-2.1_i386.deb

where i386 is your architecture.

If the service didn't start, start elogind by typing

sudo service elogind start

Step 2: install gnome-settings-daemon

Alternative solution for step 2

Go to the gnome-settings-daemon package releases, and get the package. Then, type in:

sudo apt install ./gnome-settings-daemon_3.24.3-1_i386.deb

where i386 is your architecture.

Step 3: install gnome-shell

sudo apt install gnome-shell

If you can log out, and log back in with the gnome session, you're gold. You can now install the rest of the GNOME apps.

Compiling elogind and gnome-settings-daemon yourself

To build these packages, you first need to:

sudo apt install git dpkg-dev build-essential

Compiling elogind

- Get build dependencies:

sudo apt install build-essential debhelper libudev-dev pkg-config docbook-xsl xsltproc automake autoconf libtool intltool gperf gtk-doc-tools intltool libcap-dev

- Get linux headers

sudo apt install linux-headers-$(uname -r)

- Build

mkdir elogind-tmp && cd elogind-tmp
git clone
cd elogind
git checkout v234-stable
dpkg-buildpackage -uc -us

You may need to set the environment variable DEB_BUILD_OPTIONS=nocheck before the dpkg-buildpackage command because there's one test that keeps failing if elogind is already running.

deb packages will appear in the elogind-tmp dir and you may install them with apt.

Make sure you also install libelogind-dev for building gnome-settings-daemon.

Compiling gnome-settings-daemon

- Get build dependencies:

Insert a deb-src repository into your sources.list, i.e.

deb-src ceres          main

, then

sudo apt update
sudo apt build-dep gnome-settings-daemon

gnome-settings-daemon requires libupower-glib-dev (>= 0.99.0), however that's not currently in Devuan's repository, so add this to your /etc/apt/sources.list

deb         stretch         main

(Replace with the fastest debian mirror)


sudo apt remove --auto-remove libupower-glib-dev
sudo apt install -t stretch libupower-glib-dev

Remove the last line you've added from /etc/apt/sources.list.

- Build

mkdir gsd-tmp && cd gsd-tmp
git clone
cd gnome-settings-daemon
git checkout gnome-3-24
dpkg-buildpackage -uc -us

deb packages should appear, and you may install them.


  • gdm3 doesn't run, and will probably never be packaged :(

  • network-manager-gnome won't install, as NetworkManager is a systemd thing

Fixing gnome-session exiting on startup

Fixing GNOME Tweak Tool

If you enter 'gnome-tweak-tool' on the command line, and it complains about complains about missing key 'disable-user-extensions', edit /usr/share/glib-2.0/schemas/ Add these lines after the first "schema" tag:

    <key name="disable-user-extensions" type="b">

Save and quit your text editor, then compile the glib schema:

sudo glib-compile-schemas /usr/share/glib-2.0/schemas/

After that, GNOME Tweak Tool should work.

GNOME Disks can't be installed

GNOME Disks version 3.25 in the Ceres repository requires udisks (version >= 2.7.2), however that's not in the Devuan repo. So, GNOME Disks must be installed with the ascii version. Add this to your sources.list:

deb     ascii          main

, then:

sudo apt update
sudo apt install -t ascii gnome-disk-utility

gnome-color-manager can't be installed

First, install colord:

sudo apt update
sudo apt install colord

Add this to your sources.list:

deb     jessie          main

, then:

sudo apt update
sudo apt install -t jessie gnome-color-manager

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