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#1 2018-07-04 09:08:37

FM81
Member
Registered: 2017-09-16
Posts: 10  

[SOLVED] Devuan 2.0.0 on Raspberry Pi 3 plus with GUI?

Hi at all!

I've tried to add a XFCE-environment on a Pi 3+.
Writing the basic system to the SD-card was no problem, but no I'm stuck with the GUI-installation.
I've followed all the steps from here: https://devuan.org/os/documentation/dev … ce-install
Everything was installed without any error-message.
Additionally installed was xserver-xorg, but this had no positive effect, it didn't work with and also without before ...
But after a reboot no GUI ist starting automatically.
If I try to start it manual after console-login with 'startxfce4' it gives me the message: exec: xinit: not found
It doesn't matter, if I try to do this as root or as non-root-user.
I've also tried to set 'initdefault' to 5 instead of 2 in /etc/inittab also no effect ...

Can anyone explain please, what is going wrong here?
Thank you very much, FM_81

Last edited by FM81 (2018-07-15 21:27:47)

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#2 2018-07-04 10:59:38

devuser
Member
Registered: 2018-04-30
Posts: 176  

Re: [SOLVED] Devuan 2.0.0 on Raspberry Pi 3 plus with GUI?

Not sure but i'd try apt-get install xorg to be sure you have all the required packages. I have a feeling the guide assumes you already have a working x installation and our error suggests there are some missing.

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#3 2018-07-04 11:14:40

fsmithred
Administrator
Registered: 2016-11-25
Posts: 759  

Re: [SOLVED] Devuan 2.0.0 on Raspberry Pi 3 plus with GUI?

Install xinit. You might need to do this even if you install xorg, which is a metapackage that gives you all the drivers. Without that metapackage, make sure you have xserver-xorg-video-whatever, where whatever is the right one for the Pi3.

Here's some relevant infomation from the release notes:

### Starting X from a console (TTY)

In Devuan 2.0 ASCII, the X server no longer requires to be run with
root privileges. As a consequence, there are some additional
requirements to be met when launching X directly from a TTY (i.e.,
through 'xinit' or 'startx'), especially on systems upgraded from
Devuan Jessie.

In Devuan 2.0 ASCII it is sufficient to install 'elogind' and
'libpam-elogind', and then use either 'startx' or 'xinit' as usual
from a regular user account. In this case, the Xorg log file will be
available under '~/.local/share/xorg/'.

The system still needs to support Kernel Mode Setting (KMS).
Therefore, this solution may not work in some virtualization
environments (e.g.  virtualbox) or if the kernel has no driver that
supports your graphic card.

Alternatively, it is still possible to run X with setuid root. In this
case, you need to install `xserver-xorg-legacy` and ensure that the
file '/etc/X11/Xwrapper.config' contains the (uncommented) line:

    needs_root_rights=yes

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#4 2018-07-04 11:35:30

devuser
Member
Registered: 2018-04-30
Posts: 176  

Re: [SOLVED] Devuan 2.0.0 on Raspberry Pi 3 plus with GUI?

Yeah, true, assuming he is looking for a minimal install getting the required packages one by one might be a better idea than installing xorg.

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#5 2018-07-05 10:08:28

FM81
Member
Registered: 2017-09-16
Posts: 10  

Re: [SOLVED] Devuan 2.0.0 on Raspberry Pi 3 plus with GUI?

Hello at all!

Sorry for creating confusion; I've powered up yet the same Raspberry 3+ as yesterday, and now the graphical interface starts?
I didn't know why?
The only thing I've never done yesterday was: disconnect power (only  a lot of reboots was performed)
Now is all, as one would expect, but I can not declare why, may be some thing in the detection of the HDMI or what ever?
Keyboard, mouse and screen are all the same ...

I plan to repeat the steps from yesterday, when there is a little bit more time, to make more clear what happened...

Thanks again & sorry, FM_81

Last edited by FM81 (2018-07-05 10:08:52)

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#6 2018-07-15 21:27:25

FM81
Member
Registered: 2017-09-16
Posts: 10  

Re: [SOLVED] Devuan 2.0.0 on Raspberry Pi 3 plus with GUI?

Hello!

Few days has gone ...

I've repeated all the steps from here https://devuan.org/os/documentation/dev … ce-install with a fresh image and installed xserver-xorg and xinit additional. It worked perfect on the first attempt without any powercycle; I can not declare, what was going wrong in the earlier time ...

Best regards, FM_81

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